Royal Bibingka Recipe: Crafting a Time-Honored Filipino Festive Treat

Fact Checked By: Macaria Valerie

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In the heart of Filipino culinary tradition lies a dessert as rich in flavor as it is in cultural heritage: Royal Bibingka. This isn’t just any ordinary rice cake; it’s a festive treat that embodies the warmth and joy of Filipino celebrations, especially during the Christmas season. Royal Bibingka stands out with its unique combination of sweet, chewy rice flour base topped with a layer of golden, melted cheese, creating a delightful contrast of flavors and textures. In this article, we’ll explore the secrets behind crafting the perfect Royal Bibingka, from selecting the right blend of flours to achieving that irresistibly crusty cheese topping. Whether you’re a long-time fan or a curious newcomer to Filipino cuisine, this guide will help you bring a piece of Filipino festive spirit right into your kitchen. Let’s dive into the world of Royal Bibingka, where every bite is a celebration of taste and tradition.

Royal Bibingka Recipe

Royal Bibingka is a traditional Filipino rice cake, known for its sweet, chewy texture with a slightly crusty cheese topping. The recipe involves a simple mixture of glutinous rice flour and regular rice flour, combined with sugar for sweetness, and coconut milk for a rich, creamy texture. Eggs and melted butter are added to the mix, creating a smooth batter. This mixture is then poured into a buttered baking pan and baked until partially set. Grated cheese is sprinkled on top and the bibingka is baked further until the cheese melts and the top turns golden. This delightful treat is often enjoyed during festive occasions and is best served warm, offering a harmonious blend of sweet and savory flavors.

Royal Bibingka is a Filipino delicacy, particularly popular during the Christmas season. It’s a type of rice cake that’s sweet, chewy, and slightly crusty on top. Here’s a simple recipe to make Royal Bibingka at home:


  • Rice Flour and Glutinous Rice Flour:  1 cup glutinous rice flour & 1/2 cup rice flour
  • Sugar: 3/4 cup sugar (adjust to taste)
  • Coconut Milk: 1 1/2 cups coconut milk
  • Eggs: 2 large eggs
  • Cheese:  1/2 cup grated cheese (preferably a mild variety like cheddar or mozzarella)
  • Butter: 1/4 cup melted butter, plus extra for greasing
  • Toppings: Additional grated cheese and sugar for topping


Preheat Oven and Prepare Pan:
  • Preheat your oven to 350°F (175°C).
  • Grease a baking pan with butter.
Mix Dry Ingredients:
  • In a large bowl, mix together glutinous rice flour, rice flour, and sugar.
Add Wet Ingredients:
  • Stir in coconut milk, eggs, and melted butter to the dry ingredients. Mix until well combined to form a smooth batter.
Pour Batter into Pan:
  • Pour the batter into the greased baking pan.
  • Bake in the preheated oven for about 20-25 minutes.
Add Cheese:
  • After 20-25 minutes, take the bibingka out of the oven and sprinkle grated cheese on top.
Continue Baking:
  • Return the bibingka to the oven and continue baking until the cheese melts and the top is slightly golden, about 10-15 minutes more.
Final Touches:
  • Optionally, sprinkle additional sugar on top after baking for extra sweetness.
  • Allow the bibingka to cool slightly before serving. It can be enjoyed warm or at room temperature.

Enjoy this festive and delicious Filipino treat, perfect for special occasions or as a comforting snack!


Making Royal Bibingka, like any traditional recipe, comes with its own set of tips and tricks to ensure it turns out perfectly. Here are some useful tips for this Filipino delicacy:

  • Correct Flour Ratio: The combination of glutinous rice flour and regular rice flour is crucial. The glutinous rice flour gives it a chewy texture, while the regular rice flour helps to stabilize the cake. Stick to the recommended ratio for the best results.
  • Quality of Coconut Milk: Use good quality, full-fat coconut milk for the best flavor and texture. The richness of the coconut milk is key to the creamy, moist texture of the bibingka.
  • Even Mixing: Ensure that the batter is mixed thoroughly to avoid lumps. This will result in a smooth, even texture in the finished cake.
  • Preheating the Oven: Always preheat your oven for a consistent baking temperature. This helps the bibingka to cook evenly.
  • Greasing the Pan: Grease the baking pan well with butter to prevent sticking and to add a slight buttery flavor to the crust.
  • Checking for Doneness: The bibingka is done when it is firm to the touch and the cheese on top is melted and slightly golden. You can also insert a toothpick in the center; if it comes out clean, the cake is done.
  • Cheese Topping: Use a good melting cheese for the topping. Traditional choices include mild cheddar or mozzarella. The cheese adds a savory contrast to the sweet cake.
  • Let it Cool: Allow the bibingka to cool slightly before serving. This makes it easier to cut and serves to enhance the flavors.
  • Adjusting Sweetness: You can adjust the amount of sugar according to your taste. Some prefer a sweeter bibingka, while others like it less sweet.
  • Serving: Royal Bibingka is best enjoyed warm, but it can also be served at room temperature.

Remember, part of the joy of cooking traditional dishes like Royal Bibingka is the experience of trial and error. Don’t be afraid to adjust the recipe slightly to suit your tastes!

Why This Recipe Is Just So Good…

The appeal of Royal Bibingka lies in its unique combination of flavors and textures, making it a beloved delicacy:

  • Sweet and Savory Harmony: Royal Bibingka masterfully blends the sweetness of the rice cake with the savory, melted cheese topping. This balance of sweet and savory appeals to a wide range of palates.
  • Chewy and Moist Texture: The use of glutinous rice flour gives the bibingka a delightfully chewy texture, while the coconut milk and butter contribute to its moistness. This combination creates a satisfying mouthfeel.
  • Rich Coconut Flavor: Coconut milk is a key ingredient that infuses the cake with a rich, creamy taste, adding depth and tropical flair to the overall flavor profile.
  • Golden, Crusty Top: The melted cheese topping not only adds a savory dimension but also creates a slightly crusty, golden top when baked, providing a pleasant textural contrast to the soft cake beneath.
  • Simple yet Elegant: Despite its simplicity in preparation and ingredients, Royal Bibingka has an elegance that makes it suitable for festive occasions, yet it is humble enough for everyday enjoyment.
  • Cultural Significance: As a traditional Filipino dessert, Royal Bibingka holds a special place in the hearts of many. It’s often associated with holidays and celebrations, adding to its appeal.
  • Versatility in Sweetness: The recipe allows for adjustment in the level of sweetness, catering to different tastes. Some may prefer it sweeter, while others might opt for a more subdued sweetness to complement the cheese
  • Comforting and Satisfying: There’s a comforting quality to the warm, chewy rice cake paired with melted cheese that makes it deeply satisfying, especially when served fresh and warm.

In essence, Royal Bibingka is not just a dessert; it’s a harmonious blend of flavors and textures that come together to create a truly delightful culinary experience.

Storage Instructions

Storing Royal Bibingka properly is crucial to maintain its taste and texture. Here are some storage instructions:

  • Cooling Down: Allow the bibingka to cool completely to room temperature before storing. This prevents condensation inside the container, which can make it soggy.
  • Room Temperature Storage: If you plan to eat the bibingka within 1-2 days, you can store it at room temperature. Wrap it in plastic wrap or aluminum foil, or place it in an airtight container. This will help to keep it moist.
  • Refrigeration: For longer storage, refrigerate the bibingka. Place it in an airtight container to prevent it from absorbing other odors from the fridge. It can last in the fridge for up to a week.
  • Freezing: Royal Bibingka can be frozen for longer storage. Wrap it tightly in plastic wrap and then in aluminum foil, or place it in a freezer-safe container. It can be stored in the freezer for up to a month.
  • Reheating: To reheat, you can use a microwave, oven, or toaster oven. If using a microwave, heat it on medium power for short intervals until warm. In an oven or toaster oven, reheat at a low temperature (around 300°F or 150°C) until warmed through.
  • Avoid Soggy Bibingka: Be cautious when reheating to not overheat, as this can dry out the cake or make the cheese topping too hard.
  • Serving After Storage: If the bibingka has been refrigerated or frozen, let it come to room temperature for a bit before serving for the best flavor and texture.

By following these storage instructions, your Royal Bibingka can maintain its delicious taste and texture for enjoyment even after the day it’s made.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ’s)

Here are some expert-level questions and answers on the Royal Bibingka recipe:

Q: What is Royal Bibingka?

A: Royal Bibingka is a Filipino rice cake that’s typically sweet, chewy, and has a slightly crusty cheese topping. It’s made with a mix of glutinous rice flour and regular rice flour, combined with coconut milk, sugar, eggs, and butter, and is often enjoyed during festive occasions.

Q: Can I use only glutinous rice flour for the recipe?

A: While glutinous rice flour is the main ingredient, using a combination of glutinous rice flour and regular rice flour is recommended for the best texture. Using only glutinous rice flour might result in a too chewy and dense cake.

Q: What kind of cheese should I use for the topping?

A: A mild, meltable cheese like cheddar or mozzarella works best. They provide a nice savory contrast to the sweet cake without overpowering it.

Q: How long should I soak the rice flour?

A: In the Royal Bibingka recipe, you don’t need to soak the rice flour. You directly mix it with the other ingredients to form a batter.

Q: Can I make Royal Bibingka without coconut milk?

A: Coconut milk is a key ingredient for Royal Bibingka, providing richness and a distinct flavor. While you can substitute it with other creamy liquids, the taste and texture will differ from the traditional version.

Q: How do I know when the bibingka is done baking?

A: The bibingka is done when it’s firm to the touch, and the cheese on top is melted and slightly golden. You can also insert a toothpick in the center; if it comes out clean, it’s done.

Q: How should I store leftover Royal Bibingka?

A: Leftover bibingka can be stored in an airtight container at room temperature for a day or two, or refrigerated for up to a week. It can be reheated in the microwave or oven before serving.

Q: Can I add or substitute toppings on the bibingka?

A: Yes, you can customize the toppings. Some people add sugar on top of the cheese for extra sweetness or use other toppings like grated coconut or salted egg.

Q: What is the significance of using both glutinous rice flour and regular rice flour in Royal Bibingka, and how do they affect the texture?

A: The combination of glutinous rice flour and regular rice flour is crucial in achieving the desired texture of Royal Bibingka. Glutinous rice flour provides the chewy, sticky texture, while regular rice flour adds a bit of lightness and helps to stabilize the cake, preventing it from becoming too dense. This blend ensures the bibingka is moist and chewy but not overly heavy.

Q: How does the type of cheese used affect the overall flavor and texture of Royal Bibingka?

A: The type of cheese used can significantly influence both the flavor and texture. Mild cheeses like mozzarella or cheddar melt well and provide a gooey texture with a subtle savory note, balancing the sweetness of the cake. Using a stronger cheese can introduce a more pronounced cheesy flavor, which might overshadow the delicate balance of sweet and savory.

Q: Is there a specific technique to ensure the bibingka has a perfectly crusty top?

A: Achieving a crusty top involves the timing and temperature of baking. Adding the cheese towards the end of the baking process and possibly increasing the oven temperature or using the broiler for a short period can create a more crusty, golden top. However, it’s important to watch it closely to prevent burning.

Q: Can Royal Bibingka be adapted for gluten-free diets without compromising texture and taste?

A: Royal Bibingka can be adapted for a gluten-free diet by ensuring that the rice flours used are certified gluten-free. Since the recipe inherently relies on rice flours, which are naturally gluten-free, adapting it does not significantly affect the texture or taste.

Q: What’s the role of coconut milk in the recipe, and can it be substituted?

A: Coconut milk adds richness, moisture, and a subtle coconut flavor to the bibingka. It’s an essential ingredient for the authentic taste and texture. If necessary, it can be substituted with other creamy plant-based milks for a different flavor profile, but this may alter the traditional taste and texture.

Q: How important is it to let the bibingka cool, and does it affect the final texture?

A: Allowing the bibingka to cool is important as it sets the cake and improves its texture. Cutting into it too soon can result in a texture that’s too soft or may cause it to fall apart. Cooling allows the bibingka to achieve the ideal chewy and slightly firm texture.

These questions delve into the nuances of making Royal Bibingka, catering to a more detailed and sophisticated understanding of this traditional Filipino dessert.


As our exploration of Royal Bibingka comes to an end, we’re left with more than just a recipe; we’ve gained insight into a delightful aspect of Filipino culinary culture. Royal Bibingka is more than a dessert; it’s a symbol of festivity, a homage to tradition, and a testament to the simple yet profound joys of cooking and sharing. With its unique blend of chewy, sweet rice cake and savory cheese topping, this dish brings people together, evoking memories of celebrations and warm family gatherings.

Making Royal Bibingka is an act of love, a celebration of heritage, and an opportunity to create moments of joy. Whether you’re serving it as a special treat during the holidays or as a comforting snack on a regular day, each bite offers a taste of the rich Filipino culinary landscape. This recipe is a reminder of how food transcends mere sustenance, becoming a medium to connect with others and cherish our cultural roots.

So, as you prepare this delightful treat, remember that you’re not just baking a cake; you’re weaving a piece of cultural tapestry, rich with history and flavor. Enjoy each step of the process, and when you finally take that first bite, let the flavors of Royal Bibingka transport you to a world of festive spirit and communal joy.

Photo of author

Macaria Valerie

About the author

With over 15 years of experience in the culinary world, Macaria Valerie has developed a unique niche expertise in the art and science of rice cooking. Born in Taipei and raised in San Francisco, Macaria's passion for perfectly cooked rice is a blend of her Taiwanese roots and modern culinary techniques. She has traveled across Asia, gathering traditional rice recipes and cooking methodologies. Macaria is not just about plain rice. She's explored the depths of risotto in Italy, paella in Spain, biryani in India, and sushi in Japan. Yet, she believes that the core of these dishes lies in mastering the basic foundation - the rice. In her popular blog, "Expert Reviews Best Rice Cooker", Macaria shares not only her favorite rice recipes but also reviews the latest in rice cooker technology. She's been a consultant for major kitchen appliance brands, aiding in the development and testing of their rice cooker lines. In her spare time, Macaria conducts workshops and classes, ensuring that the art of cooking perfect rice is accessible to everyone. Whether you're aiming for a simple bowl of fluffy white rice or venturing into the intricate world of flavored rice dishes, Macaria Valerie is your go-to guide in the rice cooker niche.

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